Katowice has a relatively short history as a city – it gained city rights in 1865. At that time it was a part of Prussia and it saw great development of industry followed by the Industrial Revolution. After the First World War based on voting in Upper Silesia plebiscite and after three Silesian Uprisings, it was joined to Poland. In the interwar period Katowice was developing very rapidly and became one of the richest cities in Poland. After Second World War the whole Upper Silesia region was joined to Poland. In modern history Katowice has witnessed the tragedy in the ‘Wujek’ Coal Mine, the pilgrimage of the Pope John Paul II and recognition as UNESCO city of music.